Benzene exposure has been linked to an increased risk of certain types of leukemia, a type of cancer affecting the cells that create blood in the bone marrow. Acute Myeloid Leukemia, or AML, is the most common. Most benzene exposure come from benzene inhalation from particles released into the air. Other exposures come from skin contact or benzene released into water or into the soil around hazardous waste sites. Workers in oil refineries, chemical plants, or in the oil and gas industry are at greater risk of benzene exposure. Others who are at greater risk are those who have inhaled gas fumes or live in an area where benzene has been released into the air or into the groundwater.
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